Health care treatment is provided by health care professionals and includes surgical and dental treatment, any procedure undertaken for the purpose of diagnosis, any procedure undertaken for the purpose of preventing any disease or ailment, and any related actions. Common examples include...
Understanding how to access health care, who can provide health care, your options, your rights and your responsibilities, can help ensure you receive quality care.
Patients must give consent to medical treatment. There are rules about what makes consent valid, including specific rules about consenting to medical assistance in dying. If someone cannot give consent another person can be appointed to give consent for them.
Without proper consent, most medical care would be considered as a civil or even criminal assault. Additionally, the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms gives people the right to security of the person, which includes the right to be free from unwanted medical treatment. There are, however, some exceptions.
HIV, or the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, is the virus that causes AIDS, or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. Because it can pass from person-to-person through things such as having unprotected sex or sharing needles there are rules about testing and disclosure. There are also laws that provide protection for people with HIV or AIDS against discrimination.
When you give information to your doctor or other health care provider they must keep it confidential. There are certain exceptions to this outlined in the law. You also have a right to access your personal health information that is kept by a health care provider, again with some exceptions.