The person who pays rent for a place to live is called the tenant. The person who rents out the place is called the landlord. Both landlords and tenants have legal rights and duties.
The Residential Tenancies Act, 2006 is the law that deals with renting a place to live. It sets out certain rights and duties that are part of every rental agreement. These are called the Standard Conditions and they are set out under the Regulations to the Act. If a landlord or tenant does not follow the Act they may have to pay the other party for damages or losses that result. A landlord and a tenant cannot agree that any part of the Act will not apply to them. That kind of agreement cannot be enforced.
The Act applies to almost all situations where living spaces are rented. This includes…
The Act does not apply to…
The Act also does not apply to many temporary living arrangements such as stays in:
There are other laws that also apply to rented homes. These include fire regulations, housing standards and human rights laws. Landlords and tenants can also add other terms they agree on to their rental agreements.
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